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10GHz LNB with EXT OSC manual

This LNB 10 GHz with external reference is LNB (Low Noise Block) modified for external 25 MHz reference for internal PLL. This signal is feeded by the same one coaxial cable as IF down. Special small Bias Tee box with TCXO or 10 MHz reference signal works as DC injector and also 25 MHz source for LNB. There is also variable attenuator for IF signal which allows you to change IF signal from 0 to maximum. You can still switch between V and H polarisation by supply voltage.

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Applications
Technical parameters
Effect of GPSDO-TCXO
Schematic
PCB
Options: Recommendations to buy
FAQ


Applications

block diagram of the Bias Tee box

lnb bias tee box block diagram by qro.cz hamparts.shop



signal source external 10 MHz
This is default preset configuration - if you like to use TCXO, please open the box and reconfigure jumpers

lnb bias tee box signal source external 10mhz by qro.cz hamparts.shop



signal source TCXO

lnb bias tee box signal source tcxo by qro.cz hamparts.shop



trimmer works as variable attenuator

lnb bias tee box trimmer variable attenuator by qro.cz hamparts.shop



LNB & Bias Tee classic version

lnb bias tee clasic version by qro.cz hamparts.shop

LNB & Bias Tee with POTY adapter

lnb bias tee with poty adapter by qro.cz hamparts.shop

power supply cable

power supply cable by qro.cz hamparts.shop



Bias Tee LNB BOX

- small box works as DC Bias Tee, 25 MHz source for LNB, variable ATT and protections
- allows you to supply DC voltage and 25 MHz reference for PLL of LNB over one coax
- you can use internal TCXO with 0.2 ppm or some 10 MHz reference signal (you can select signal by the jumper JP1)
- you can switch H and V polarisation
- DC and RF protections!
- Variable attenuator! (blue trimmer works as variable attenuator)
- DC plug included

Poty dual band antenna adapter

- PETG UV stable material
- 22 mm Cu pipe size (use tape to waterproof it)
- POTY pipe WG fixed by M4 screw
- ONLY ADAPTER, 2.4 GHz antenna NOT included!

poty dual band antenna adapter qro.cz hamparts.shop


Technical Parameters

LNB local oscillator 9750 MHz (with 25 MHz source)
Conversion gain of LNB > 50 dB
LNB IF 739 MHz for 10489 MHz (QO-100)
618 MHz for 10368 MHz
Reference 10 MHz input power -3 dBm to +13 dBm
Stability with 10 MHz reference depends on reference source
Stability with 25 MHz TCXO (0.2 ppm) 0.2 ppm (X 390)
25 MHz cut off to RX output port > 50 dB
Frequency error with TCXO max 3 kHz, typ. less than 1 kHz (after 5 minutes)
DC power +12 V for Vertical polarisation (NB)
+15 V for Horizontal (WB)
Bias Tee IF loss typ. less than 2 dB
Variable Attenuator on IF 0 dB to NO signal

IMPORTANT NOTE: This Bias Tee box is designed for 10 MHz external reference source but you can also use internal 25 MHz TCXO, which is 0.2 ppm. Frequency error is max. 3 kHz.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Do NOT forget that the quality of the 10 MHz signal source has got final effect on the quality of the output signal. With added phase noise by PLL multiplying.

MK II: Internal duplexer - cut off 25 MHz signal to RX output

LNB bias tee duplexer 25MHz qro.cz hamparts.shop



10 368 MHz to 618 MHz locked to external 10MHz reference

LNB bias tee spectrum qro.cz hamparts.shop



10 499 MHz to 749 MHz locked to external 10 MHz reference

LNB with external reference and bias tee box qro.cz hamparts.shop


Effect of GPSDO-TCXO

TCXO

effect of gpsdo tcxo by qro.cz hamparts.shop



GPSDO good

effect of gpsdo tcxo good by qro.cz hamparts.shop



GPSDO bad

effect of gpsdo bad by qro.cz hamparts.shop




Schematic

schematic lnb bias tee box external reference qro.cz hamparts.shop


PCB

pcb lnb bias tee box external reference by qro.cz hamparts.shop



Options: Recommendations to buy

lnb bias tee box with recommendations by qro.cz hamparts.shop

GPSDO PLL

- 10 MHz reference source locked to GPS signal
- RF output typ +5 dBm
- HW by BG7TBL, modification by OK2ZAW
- including GPS antenna and DC power cable
- 3.5 mm jack with GPS data out
- including coax cable with BNC and SMA (about 50 cm)
- please be patience, GPS lock could take long time at first time, also depends on the GPS satellite count etc.

2-way small splitter

- small splitter for 10 MHz reference signal
- splits 10 MHz signal to Bias Tee box and another your device (SDR, TRX etc.)
- low loss 3.5 dB

RTL-SDR receiver with 1ppm TCXO

- RTL-SDR USB receiver
- in metal box
- 1 ppm TCXO for better stability
- input SMA connector
- firmware already installed
- 8 bit, up to 2 MHz of spectrum
- compatible with HDSDR, SDR console etc.

SMA-SMA cable

- SMA male & SMA male pigtail
- about 15 cm (total length 17 cm)

2-way splitter box with 10 MHz GPSDO

10 MHz GPSDO with 2-way splitter qro.cz hamparts.shop



FAQ

  • This is Low Noise Block (LNB) which works as Down Converter. You can use it for input frequency in range of 10 to 12 GHz. In amateur radio world you can build 10 GHz RX for QO-100 satellite, 10 GHz EME or tropo.

  • Device is designed only for Receiving.
  • Input of LNB is designed for 10 to 12,5 GHz. Original local oscillator (LO) is locked by 25 MHz reference signal and multiplied 390 - what means 9750 MHz. You can use different reference signals 25MHz +- to change LO frequency.

    IF = Input - LO [MHz]

  • For example IF = 432 MHz and Input = 10489 MHz

    LO = 10489 - 432
    LO = 10057 MHz
  • There is Variable Attenuator (ATT) trimmer. You can reduce signal strength as you need because the gain of LNB is high.
  • LNB with internal TCXO need some warm up time. Depends on the outside temperature, it is around 5 minutes. If you have small signal moving  it can be problem of antenna dish (LNB) vibration.

  • LNB with external TCXO has got stability around 1ppm stability. Signal can move by a few Hz in the short time period. LNB with external reference signal is locked to the external oscillator and stability is based on stability by this one multiplied by 390.
  • with voltage 11 to about 14 Volts the LNB has got Vertical polarisation, with Voltage over 15 V it is Horizontal.
  • We offer also LNB with POTY adapter. You can insert 22mm copper pipe as waveguide (WG) and part of YOUR POTY antenna.

  • 2,4 GHz POTY antenna is not included. Only 3D printed adapter.

  • Please, isolate WG pipe to 3D printed adapter against the water!
  • Do not forget, that dish antenna has got right FOCUS place. LNB holder is designed to mount LNB into the right place for maximal GAIN and also LOWER noise of the dish antenna. When you use POTY antenna, you have to place open part of the WG to the FOCUS. If you place LNB to the holder and POTY is in front of it, you degrade parameters of antenna a lot!

  • There is usually problem with the size of the POTY reflector and place in the original LNB holder of the dish antenna.

  • Example of the right way of the mounting: amsat forum.
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The splitter or combiner is a very useful device. It can provide equal voltages, equal current, or equal power to matched or unmatched loads.
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